Critical study of the opinions of the commentators of the two sects on the relationship between divine providence and human free will (Case study: the seventeenth verse of Surah Anfal)

Document Type : Academicm and Research


1 Faculty member of Tarbiat Modares University

2 دانشگاه تربیت مدرس تهران

3 Department of Quranic and Hadith Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University



Verses related to divine providence are among the most thought-provoking verses of the Holy Quran that have always been discussed by commentators and theologians. . the apparent difference between these verses which some indicate the full use of god to god and the universality of god , is even in the field of human guidance , and others who have gathered the actions directly to human and from the authority of man and the system of duty and reward and the eagle . in the 17th verse of the sura , " al - anfal " and " " allah " " are the words of allah . some commentators have attributed this verse to determinism and some others as evidence of human power , although there is a great deal of disagreement . in this article an attempt has been made to answer these questions about the verse of the 17th verse of anfal : according to the appearance of the verse , the direct citation of the verbs to god and the attribution of authority to man . it ? What is the opinion of the commentators on this issue , and what is their impact on


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